Today I want to tell you stories about the birth and early development of Real Madrid, but these stories are a bit special. They neither describe the shocking and astronomical signings in the history of Real Madrid, nor do they describe the history of Real Madrid. The great feat of winning the Champions League and proud of Europe. This is an unknown history of Real Madrid. During this period, Real Madrid was only an unknown club in Spain. Not only did they not have their own Bernabéu stadium, they had not even obtained the crown on the team emblem, but it was precisely the development of this history. Only after precipitation has the mighty posture of the galaxy giant ship riding the wind and waves behind.
Early stages of modern football
In the 11th century, the English invented modern football. This sport quickly developed from a blank space to a high-standard sport with well-defined systems and clear rules just a few hundred years ago. At that time, English football had countless football clubs and professional football player transfer systems. At the same time, official organizations such as the English Football Association and England's top league were also established. In comparison, Spain on the opposite side of the ocean is much slower, and football in this country is still in its infancy.
In the middle and late 19th century, England appeared the earliest regular football club in history. The concept of club was moved to the historical stage for the first time. Many football enthusiasts in Spain saw that the English used the club system to make the original slightly messy The operation of the football game became more and more regular and could not help but envy them. They also decided to follow in the footsteps of the English to establish the earliest football club in Spain.
English football at the time was quite advanced
As mentioned earlier, modern football has attracted the envy of countless Spanish football fans after the flourishing of England. The reason why football can enter Spain is actually related to many British students. Although the Spanish at that time It is already known that the United Kingdom on the other side of the ocean has an advanced football system, but their concept of football is only limited to a few words brought by British businessmen over a century. It is obvious to the Spaniards at the time that they want to imitate the advanced British football system. Not realistic.
Football matches in universities such as Cambridge and Oxford are already quite mature
At the beginning of 1896, several graduates from Cambridge University and Oxford University came to Madrid, Spain for academic exchanges. They met a large number of Spaniards who had a strong interest in football in Madrid. These British graduates were interested in football in the university. The operating system has some understanding (the first written rule in football history was jointly formulated by the two universities in Cambridge and Oxford), so with their help, the Spanish region established the first formal football club, which was named It is the Sky Football Team. Skye is the oldest football club in Spain, but many fans certainly don't know anything about this name, but four years later this team was officially renamed and reorganized, and the predecessor of Real Madrid, the Madrid football team, was born.
Skye is the earliest football club established in Spanish football, so they are also called "The Society Football Team" (The Society Football Team). Despite the halo of Spain’s first football club, Skye’s initial operating conditions were very dismal. At that time, the team only had more than 30 members, and the players could not even make up the starting 11 people, and because of the funds Because of the embarrassment of the Skye club, there is no way to rent a professional football stadium. They could only play in a clearing on Lista Avenue in the early days of the club’s establishment.
斯凯是最早成立于西班牙足球的足球俱乐部，因此也被称为“协会足球队”（The Society Football Team）。尽管西班牙的第一家足球俱乐部光彩照人，但斯凯的初始经营状况却令人沮丧。当时，该团队只有30多名成员，球员甚至无法组成起步的11人，而且由于资金不足，由于Skye俱乐部的尴尬，所以无法租用专业足球场。俱乐部成立之初，他们只能在利斯塔（Lista）大街的空地上玩耍。
In the dilemma of the team, several founders believed that they should follow the English football club to find investors with certain capital reserves, but the other founders were always determined that they should steadily develop grassroots football to attract more talents. Football talented citizens join their team. In the midst of such huge differences, the two sides finally decided to part ways, and several investors (Carlos Padros, Juan Padros, Julian Palacios) who decided to find investors chose to leave Skye The club established a new team. In order to distinguish it from the Skye club's alias "social club", they decided to name the new team "new social club".
After entering the 20th century, the development of modern football in Spain really began to embark on the road. Many football clubs with far-reaching influence on future generations were established one after another during this period. The first chairman of the new society football club Carlos Pa Deros also grasped the good football atmosphere during this period and actively promoted football in Madrid.
进入20世纪之后，西班牙现代足球的发展真正开始走上了道路。在此期间，许多对子孙后代具有深远影响的足球俱乐部相继建立。新社会足球俱乐部的第一任主席卡洛斯·帕德罗斯（Carlos Pa Deros）在此期间也把握了良好的足球氛围，并在马德里积极推广足球。
Madrid club's original team logo
On March 6, 1902, Carlos held the first board meeting of the New Society Football Club. The directors of the New Society Football Club agreed that the team’s oldest position in Madrid should be further highlighted, so they finally decided to The team was renamed "Madrid Football Club". However, when they submitted a series of documents applying for the name change to the Madrid government, they encountered an unexpected episode. The senior officials of the Case Club expressed strong opposition to the new social club's name change application, but the funds of the new social club at that time The system has gradually been filled after the major capitalists took over. At that time, the Keys club, which was still facing financial difficulties, was unable to fight against the new social club in terms of influence. The Madrid city government finally agreed to the new social club in order to further promote the development of football. Application for name change of social football club.
King's Cup logo
Although the Madrid Football Club had a good source of funds at the beginning of its establishment, there was no formal football league in Spain at that time. Although the Madrid Football Club introduced a group of well-known players in the country, it can only be used in amateur leagues and matches in some places. Fight in friendly matches of foreign clubs. During the early matches with some British clubs, Madrid Club President Carlos realized that in order to truly surpass the British clubs, a national football tournament must be established.
The then King of Spain-Alfonso XIII
In 1902, when King Alfonso XIII of Spain came of age, the Regent Maria was required to hold a grand enthronement ceremony according to regulations and formally return the power to Alfonso XIII. At this time, the President of the Madrid Club Carlos gave Spain King Alfonso XIII suggested the creation of an official football match to celebrate the king's ascension. In the same year, the Spanish government appointed someone to participate in the Copa del Rey (then known as the Alfonso VIII Cup) schedule and regulations. Spanish football officially had their own official football competition. Madrid Football Club was also born in the Spanish Copa del Rey. Played a major role in promoting and is known as the most representative team in Spanish football at that time.
1902年，西班牙国王阿方索十三世成年，摄政王玛丽亚被要求按规定举行隆重的登基典礼，并将权力正式移交给阿方索十三世。这时，马德里卡洛斯俱乐部主席给西班牙国王阿方索十三世建议创建一场官方足球比赛，以庆祝国王的提升。同年，西班牙政府任命某人参加Copa del Rey（当时称为阿方索八世杯）的赛程和规定。西班牙足球正式有自己的官方足球比赛。马德里足球俱乐部也出生于西班牙的国王杯。发挥了重要的促进作用，并被称为当时西班牙足球最具代表性的球队。
The Madrid Club and the Real Madrid Football Club behind are one of the most brilliant teams in the history of the Copa del Rey. They successfully won four Copa del Rey trophies from 1905 to 1908. This team is also permanent because of its outstanding performance in the Copa del Rey. Obtained the ownership of the King's Cup championship trophy at that time.
Real Spanish Football Association logo
With its excellent record in the Copa del Rey, the Madrid club quickly became the leader of the capital region. At that time, the Spanish region had begun to prepare a government-controlled football association to control football matches across the country. The Madrid club in the capital naturally Also actively reflect the strong desire of national football clubs to the Spanish government. On October 4, 1909, under the strong initiative of the Madrid Club, the Spanish government convened various regional football associations in Madrid to discuss the establishment of a national football association, and the influential Real Spanish Football Association was born.
Madrid club's lineup in 1906
The Madrid club made a huge contribution to the birth of the Spanish Real Football Association. At that time, it was probably only the booming Athletic Bilbao in the country. At that time, the Spanish royal family admired the Madrid club. Not only did this team perform well in all competitions, they also actively promoted the correct ideas of national unity and people's harmony outside the field. We all know that in today's La Liga, in addition to Real Madrid, there are still many clubs with the prefix "Royal", such as Real Betis, Real Sociedad, Real Espanyol, etc. These clubs are all in A team that has more or less made great contributions to Spanish football in history, but compared with the golden "crown" on Real Madrid, the gold content of these teams is lower. A lot.
Real Madrid was not only the first team in Spanish history to be awarded the "Royal" crown by the king, but also the first team in Spanish history to publicly use the word "Royal" as the team name and emblem. Why can Real Madrid win the favor of the King of Spain? The editor summarized the history of Real Madrid and the social background at that time and came up with the following two reasons:
1. The development of modern football in Spain at that time has become more and more unstoppable. The once popular ball games are far behind by football. King Alfonso XIII of Spain wants to further promote football in the Spanish capital Madrid. The influence of the region and the increase in the training of outstanding players, it was officially announced on June 29, 1920 to add the word "Royal" before the name of the Madrid club.
The main lineup of the Madrid Club winning the Copa del Rey
Why choose the Madrid Club as the first owner of the "Royal" crown? We can see clues from the Madrid club’s record in the Copa del Rey: The Copa del Rey has been won three consecutive championships by Athletic Bilbao since the start of 1902, and the Copa del Rey champions have been taken over by Madrid Football Club for the next four years. They also Because of his outstanding performance in the cup, he has retained the Copa del Rey champion forever.
为什么选择马德里俱乐部作为“皇家”王冠的第一位所有者？我们可以从马德里俱乐部在国王杯中的记录中看到一些线索：自1902年初以来，毕尔巴鄂竞技就已经连续三届夺得冠军杯，马德里足球俱乐部已经接替了国王杯冠军。未来四年。他们还由于他在杯赛中的出色表现，他永远保留了Copa del Rey冠军。
The Madrid club represents Spain in FIFA
Madrid clubs also actively promote the development of Spanish football outside the football stadium. They are the most important founding club of the Real Spanish Football Association and one of the eight founding members of FIFA (FIFA was established in 1904, when Spain was still There is no national football association regulated by the government, and the Madrid Club entered FIFA on behalf of Spain in the name of the club). Such brilliant achievements naturally made this club the most dazzling star in Spanish football at the time, just like Real Madrid is now. At that time, many outstanding first-class players all over Europe wanted to join the Madrid club. It was because of the great appeal of the Madrid football club that the Spanish king awarded him the "Royal" crown. The above factor is still generally considered to be the reason why the Madrid club won the title of "Royal", but it is only one factor in the context of the time. The more important factor is slow after the gradual stability of the Spanish political situation. Slow was forgotten.
2. "Hostility" with Barcelona
The founder of Barcelona-Gamber
In the first few years of the establishment of the Madrid club, a Swiss businessman named Gamber founded the famous FC Barcelona in faraway Barcelona. However, at the beginning of its creation, there were few Spanish players in Barcelona. Almost all the players in their team from the management to the ordinary players were all foreign corps, but such a team was actually named "Barcelona". Such an approach naturally made the Spanish government feel dissatisfied. In order to suppress the Barcelona club’s policy of recruiting a large number of foreign players, King Alfonso XIII personally awarded the Madrid club the title of “Royal” to show the government’s policy of building a team with Spanish players. stand by.
In addition to the team building policy, the historical background of Barcelona's area is also destined to make this team never stand on the same front with the Spanish government. The Catalonia region where Barcelona is located is the region with the strongest independence storm in the history of the Kingdom of Spain. Catalonia has never lost its dream of setting up an independent country from Spain. Today there is something about Catalonia. Sub-independence events are still countless. As the leading club in Catalonia, Barcelona not only achieved continuous brilliant records in the Copa del Rey (5 championships from 1920 to 1928), but also strongly supported Catalonia’s independent sports off the court (Barcelona team history) The first statute was written in Catalan script that was banned at the time).
除了团队建设政策外，巴塞罗那地区的历史背景也注定要使该团队永远不要与西班牙政府站在同一阵线。巴塞罗那所在的加泰罗尼亚地区是西班牙王国历史上独立风暴最强烈的地区。加泰罗尼亚从未失去从西班牙建立独立国家的梦想。今天关于加泰罗尼亚的事情。次独立事件仍然不计其数。作为加泰罗尼亚领先的俱乐部，巴塞罗那不仅在国王杯（Copa del Rey）上取得了连续辉煌的记录（从1920年到1928年共获得5个冠军），而且大力支持加泰罗尼亚的场外独立运动（巴塞罗那队的历史）第一项法规是用加泰罗尼亚语写成的当时被禁止的脚本）。
Barcelona Real Madrid's battle is also reflected outside the football stadium
This approach of the Barcelona Club naturally attracted strong dissatisfaction from the Spanish government, but at that time Barcelona had a good reputation in European football, and the Spanish government could only express its attitude by adding a "Royal" crown to the Madrid club. In this way, Barcelona and Real Madrid became a pair of "enemies" because of their special background. To this day, the match between Barcelona and Real Madrid is still regarded as one of the most important matchups in Spanish football and even in world football. Real Madrid in the early days of La Liga
Before the establishment of the Copa del Rey in Spain, all domestic competitions in Spain were all local. It was difficult for football clubs in various regions to stand on the same platform through official channels for a fair matchup. After the establishment of the Copa del Rey, this embarrassing situation was obtained. A certain degree of improvement, but because the Copa del Rey’s schedule is too wide in a season, not only can it not effectively maintain the competitive state of club members, but it also poses a problem for the distribution of financial expenditures for major clubs. Under such circumstances, the management of many clubs suggested that the Spanish government learn from England and open another intensive league for the whole year.
在西班牙杯国王杯成立之前，西班牙的所有国内比赛都是本地比赛。不同地区的足球俱乐部很难通过官方渠道站在同一个平台上进行公平的对决。国王杯成立后，这种尴尬的局面得到了解决。虽然有一定程度的改善，但是由于Copa del Rey的时间表在一个赛季中太宽泛，不仅不能有效地维持俱乐部会员的竞争状态，而且还给大型俱乐部的财务支出分配带来了问题。在这种情况下，许多俱乐部的管理层建议西班牙政府向英格兰学习，并在全年开设另一个密集联赛。
Spanish Football League Logo
In 1928, under the active initiative of ten teams headed by Real Madrid, the Spanish Football League was officially established. To this day, the Spanish League is still recognized as the most competitive and best-watched football league in the world today. .
Real Madrid’s first two seasons in La Liga are not particularly good. In the first La Liga, they once led the standings by a huge advantage, but in the last few rounds of key competitions they suffered continuous embarrassment. Circumstances, in the final round, Barcelona's reversal was finally placed second. Real Madrid's record in the second season was even worse. They completely fell behind in the middle of the league and lost the chance to compete. However, the Real Madrid executives were relieved that in the end Barcelona failed to win the championship again in that season (Bilba Hubei Athletic finally won the championship).
Real Madrid legendary goalkeeper-Ricardo Zamora
After two failed seasons, Real Madrid’s club management learned from the pain. They realized that it is normal for the major clubs in Spain to increase their investment. If they hold a group of players in their hands instead of making too many changes. , Real Madrid will eventually suffer a more disastrous defeat. Before the start of the 1931-1932 season, Real Madrid executives spent a lot of money to introduce the well-known star Ricardo Zamora (Real Madrid purchased from the Spaniard for 150,000 pesetas), an outstanding player who has an important position in the history of Real Madrid With his excellent performance, the goalkeeper helped Real Madrid win the first La Liga championship in team history in the first season of coming to Real Madrid. Only a year later, Real Madrid once again defeated Barcelona and Athletic Bilbao to win the La Liga championship, and they became the first club in La Liga to achieve their title. Many Real Madrid fans don’t know that in the history of Real Madrid their "Royal" crown was once cancelled for ten years!
In 1931, the world-famous revolution broke out in Spain. The previous Rivera regime was replaced by the Second Spanish Republic. The Second Spanish Republic was the second era in Spanish history when the leaders of the country were all elected by the people. The kingdom pursues republicanism. The royal title given to the Madrid Club by King Alfonso XIII was cancelled by the government during this period, and the "crown" on Real Madrid temporarily disappeared in history.
Franco finally won the civil war
In 1936, Franco and other reactionary officers launched an armed rebellion against the Second Spanish Republic. The famous Spanish Civil War broke out. Soon after, Franco was elected as the head of state and served as the commander-in-chief of the army. In the Spanish Civil War, Franco finally won with the excellent equipment and the good fighting of the soldiers. In 1941, Franco announced the return of the "Royal" title that Real Madrid lost, and Real Madrid once again stood firm in the world of football with a brand new posture.
Bernabéu as a player during Real Madrid
Bernabéu is one of the greatest presidents in the history of the Real Madrid club, but what is rarely known is that he joined the Real Madrid youth team at the age of 14 and began to play with the youth team. At the age of 17, he officially entered The first team of Real Madrid represented Real Madrid in La Liga. However, compared to the honour that Bernabeu has achieved as chairman in Real Madrid, his player time in Real Madrid is obviously not worth mentioning. To this day Bernabeu is still recognized as the greatest chairman in the history of Real Madrid. He helped during his tenure. Real Madrid has won 6 Champions League titles and 16 La Liga titles, making Real Madrid, once famous only in Spain, become the world's top super team.
Not long after Real Madrid won two La Liga titles in a row, huge wars broke out in Spain and most of Europe. Real Madrid, which had just gained a foothold in La Liga, also fell into a deadlock due to political turmoil and the outbreak of civil wars. Due to the war, Real Madrid's record during that period also suffered a considerable decline. It was not until their royal crown was restored in 1941 that Real Madrid's record once again embarked on the road of recovery.
In 1943, Real Madrid had just restored its own crown logo, but traditional La Liga teams such as Athletic Bilbao and Barcelona did not suffer such a huge decline in their records during the war, even though Real Madrid was in The record of those years has recovered, but it is still difficult to take advantage of such a top team. The club management decided to change the chairman in order to further improve the team's competitive state, which affected the development of Real Madrid football nearly half. The Bernabeu of the century entered the team as chairman under this historical background, and the famous "Bernabeu Era" began.
Although Real Madrid’s record in the previous season before the arrival of the Bernabéu has achieved a certain degree of recovery, it is difficult for fans to imagine how chaotic the club’s interior was at that time. Real Madrid almost relied on a group of veterans to fight to the death on the pitch. Only in those few seasons of La Liga were able to return to the ranks of first-class teams, as a group of main players gradually retired or transferred to leave, the situation inside Real Madrid once again fell into bottomless darkness.
Real Madrid's lineup at the beginning of Bernabeu's arrival was nearly fragmented
Real Madrid at the beginning of Bernabéu’s arrival was shattered. Not only did he have to face the embarrassing situation of a group of team’s main players choosing to leave or retire, the huge hardware loss caused by the war also became a huge problem that Bernabeu needed to solve at that time. . Bernabéu once proposed to the Spanish government that he hoped that the Spanish government could give some funds to help Real Madrid rebuild the club, but the Spanish government did not choose Real Madrid as a support target. They invested almost all of their funds in the construction of the emerging Atletico Madrid. Among them, Real Madrid did not receive any substantial help from the Spanish government during that period.
Under such difficult circumstances, Bernabéu relied on his various relationships in the first team of Real Madrid to contact some of his previous teammates. He used these teammates and his relationship to dig out some great potentials from youth training camps in various regions of Europe. Miao Zi; At the same time, the Bernabeu also exerts his strong negotiating ability. The Real Madrid chairman has once again found a group of capitalists with sufficient funds for the club with Real Madrid’s glorious history as a sign. Real Madrid’s funds are restarted during this period. Back to normal.
Real Madrid players at the opening ceremony after the completion of the Chamartin Stadium
After solving the problem of funding difficulties to a certain extent, Bernabéu officially began his comprehensive transformation of Real Madrid. He used the advanced management concepts he acquired during his university years to divide the Real Madrid club management into several specialized parts. The staff of each part only need to manage the normal operation of their own departments. Under this division of labor, the efficiency of Real Madrid's departments has been greatly improved, and the major basic hardware facilities have been gradually established (the Chamartin Stadium was successfully established , Real Madrid Basketball Handball Division was formally established, the fan system was further improved, etc.).
Real Madrid 11:1 bloodbath Barcelona
Soon after taking the chairmanship, Bernabéu used an incredible 11:1 against Barcelona to announce that his time had come. This game took place in the Copa del Rey semi-finals in 1943, when Real Madrid lost 0:3 away in the first leg of the game. In Barcelona, just when people thought that Real Madrid's defeat against Barcelona was about to come, Real Madrid beat Barcelona with a 11:1 disparity at their home in the second round. This game is considered Real Madrid. The most glorious battle in history, but also the most unwilling to mention a painful defeat in the history of Barcelona. After that game, Barcelona goalkeeper Miro was overwhelmed and directly announced his retirement. The Barcelona chairman also announced his resignation after a public apology. This victory pushed Bernabeu’s reputation in Real Madrid to a whole new level. Many fans attributed the team’s recovery to the various reforms he implemented as chairman of the team, but about this 11:1 There seem to be many other factors circulating.
Years later, the 1:11 fiasco is still a pain in the hearts of Barcelona fans
At that time Spain was under Franco’s dictatorship, and the Catalonia region where Barcelona is located has been firmly supporting the independent republican movement from beginning to end. Legend has it that the dictator Franco was in order to further suppress Barcelona’s domestic limelight. Before the start of the second round, an army was sent to surround the homes of the Barcelona players. If the Barcelona players do not deliberately lose in the second round, their families will be in danger. In this situation, the Barcelona players still chose to lose in the second round to save their families despite having a huge 3:0 advantage. Although this legend has not been officially confirmed from the beginning to the end, the 11:1 victory in the face of powerful Barcelona undoubtedly proves that Real Madrid has made the right changes for the team after the arrival of the Bernabeu chairman. .
Although he achieved an unprecedented victory in the face of Barcelona, Bernabéu still sensibly realized that the development of the team cannot all rely on the purchase of foreign players. He began to suggest that the club set up youth teams of different age groups for systematic and unified training. This idea was hardly recognized by anyone under the background of the era. People have not realized the importance of the youth training system for the future development of a team like the Bernabeu.
Real Madrid’s youth training soon contributed a number of outstanding players to the team
With the insistence of Bernabéu, Real Madrid’s youth teams at all levels were finally completed. Real Madrid spent almost all of the team’s budget in those seasons in order to build the youth training system. The outside world is generally full of cynicism about Bernabeu’s approach. But after Real Madrid's first batch of youth training results were shown, world football finally began to realize the importance of the youth training system, but at that time Real Madrid was already far ahead of other teams in the youth training system. It can be said that a large part of the reason why Real Madrid can firmly occupy the throne of the strongest team in football for a long time in the future comes from their advanced youth training system.
In the 1950s, Real Madrid gradually perfected their club’s youth training system. They freed up their hands to begin to reserve funds for the introduction of big-name players. The world-famous Golden Arrow Di Stefano came during this period. In Real Madrid, the arrival of Di Stefano and others pushed Real Madrid's strength to another brand new peak, and the first truly brilliant era in Real Madrid's history began. What we are going to introduce below is the development trajectory of Real Madrid since the 1950s.
在1950年代，皇家马德里逐渐完善了俱乐部的青年训练体系。他们腾出了手，开始为引进大牌球员储备资金。在此期间，举世闻名的Golden Arrow Di Stefano诞生了。在皇家马德里，迪·斯特凡诺（Di Stefano）等人的到来将皇家马德里的实力推向了另一个崭新的高峰，皇家马德里历史上第一个真正辉煌的时代开始了。下面我们要介绍的是自1950年代以来皇家马德里的发展轨迹。